First Aid North Coast - ABN: 78 344 022 646 - CPR Training, Ballina, Byron Bay, Alstonville, Lismore, Gold Coast, Grafton & Northern Rivers

First Aid, The Essentials

A simple technique can save a lifeThis simple technique could save a life

First Aid is one of the few things that people go to the trouble of learning expecting and hoping NOT to use it.

If a casualty is not breathing and showing no signs of life it is vital to at least push on the chest to 1/3 of depth while waiting for the ambulance.


Danger, Response

Send for Help if Needed

Airway, Breathing, Compressions, Defibrillation

First Aid. Have you ever needed it?

I have made a habit of asking each group who has had to do CPR or been in an emergency or any other situation that it would have been useful. Out of a group of 15 – 20 people, I would get 0 – 3 people who have had to do CPR or deal with a life threatening injury.

This obviously creates a problem in teaching / training. Knowing that your learners won’t be going straight out and getting experience in the skills.

Keep It Simple. First Aid Isn’t Brain Surgery

For this reason I have developed a practice of stripping everything in first aid down down to its bare essentials, then adding a bit of the whys and wherefores on the basis that people find it easier to work out what to do when they can see the reasons for it.

I take the “All You Need To Know” approach. I will go through signs and symptoms of the various conditions in the first aid annual but I also emphasize that you don’t really need to diagnose.

Just recognize that you need an ambulance, monitor the situation while you are waiting, DRABCD, think position, comfort. Reassurance.  The Resuscitation Council has all the current protcols for those who want to look further

Some interesting bits about your bod

I spend the very limited amount of time available giving the key things to recognize, and their appropriate treatment, but with these points I like to explain the basics of what the body is doing.

I believe that a brief explanation of what is going on mechanically really helps people to work out what to do and even to remember both signs & symptoms and treatments.

Shock is one of the most important concepts in first aid, on the grounds that everyone knows that unconscious / not breathing / no pulse is a bad thing, and everyone knows that the blood is meant to be on the inside, but the potential for shock to be fatal, the signs & symptoms, the vital importance of checking pulse and the understanding of the FX of the treatment is less obvious to the untrained person.

All you need to know about First Aid in a few key words

I reiterate throughout the session a few key notions on the grounds that, if people feel they have the essential stuff they will be more likely to work out the rest in the event that they don’t have textbook recall.

If in doubt…get an ambulance. Better to call when not needed then not call when they are!!

Reassurance is always part of it. Good for you and them.

Always check pulse.

Are they breathing or not? (DRSABCD)

Do they need a bandage?

Would ice be useful?

Can I make them more comfortable? Position appropriate? Lay them down and raise legs??

It’s all about the blood.

Shock? Are they pale and faint? Do they feel sick? Is their pulse fast??

Just about every First Aid situation can be dealt with the above in mind.

Remember, First Aid is not Medicine. Stay calm, Get help, Stabilize, Monitor.

If you can’t do the breaths, just do the compressions anyway

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